29.慶應SFC 総合政策学部 田中浩一郎 教授
- Professor Koichiro Tanaka
Introduction of the discussion
According to the United Nations, Iran is the second largest refugee accepting country in the world after Pakistan, and according to statistics, there are 1.02 million Afghan refugees officially registered. The Iranian government has now stopped accepting new refugees, but the inflow continues, with an estimated 1.5 to 2 million illegal refugees. Most live in urban areas.
Registered refugees are provided with basic medical care and education. However, as the Iranian government was placed under US and European economic sanctions, the lives of refugees changed. With the government’s fiscal deterioration, subsidies for businesses to prevent gasoline and food prices from rising have been drastically reduced, prices have increased, and the Iranian government has provided benefits to people to support their lives.
Refugees are no longer eligible for benefits. Iran, known for its profound refugee protection, is now losing its financial margin.
Finding the problem
Then, how does the Afghan issue affect the Iranian government’s diplomacy?
Iran has security problems with Afghanistan, such as an agreement on the amount of water on the Helmand River that flows across its borders into its territory. Because of this neighbor relations, the policy toward Afghanistan has always occupied an important position in any era, beyond the Iranian system and government framework.
It was no coincidence that a limited but informal negotiation took place between Iran and the United States regarding Afghanistan, and the cooperation was maintained for a certain period, which indicates that Afghanistan is a high priority for Iran.
In other words, there is a solid regional strategy to secure border stability and to alleviate tension.
Therefore, I would like to explore the international order and oil energy supply issues in West Asia.
Examining the conclusion
By studying with Professor Koichiro Tanaka, who has many research achievements on international issues, energy policy, and security in the West Asian region, I am sure that I could obtain various perspectives regarding my research and it would open up new horizons for me.
Therefore, I believe that Keio University’s Faculty of Policy Management is the most suitable place for pursuing my research and social contributions, and I am aspiring to enter your school and study in your laboratory.